Homemade transistor from a photocell
Like many of us, Nyle Steiner has long aspired to building a homemade transistor. While considering possible way to achieve this, he stumbled upon the interesting idea of building a FET transistor from a cadmium sulfide photocell.
Normally used to detect light, the photocell is pretty close to what one would need to make a transistor. The device consists of two pieces of metal that are separated by a very thin layer of a cadmium sulfide semiconductor. The semiconductor is normally an insulator, which means that no electricity can flow from one of the metal legs to the other. However, when light (photons) hit the surface of the semiconductor, they knock electrons free, and allow some current to flow across the semiconductor. To make a transistor, though, the device needs to react to electricity, not light. Nyle realized that the photocell could be used as a transistor if an insulated gate was added to the top of it. A bit of scotch tape and water later, and he claims to have a working transistor.
Of course, this isn’t a truly homemade transistor, it’s more of a DIY transistor conversion. The device appears to be functional, however it requires fairly high voltages to work, and only acts as a power amplifier instead of a voltage amplifier. Even so, it looks like an interesting way to experiment with transistors at home. I’d like to build one, and vary thickness of the insulator (scotch tape) to see what the results are. Anyone else have experience with this?